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How to Make Your Own Venison Jerky

How to Make Your Own Venison Jerky

A good, tender piece of jerky, balanced somewhere between sweet and savory can be a superbly satisfying snack. In contrast, a small bag of jerky at the grocery store can be as much as $10, and there’s no guarantee that it will be fresh. Why […]

The Sweet Success of Wittich’s Candy Store

The Sweet Success of Wittich’s Candy Store

The inside of Wittich’s Candy Store in Circleville looks like a 1950s ice cream shop and smells like a sugary daydream. On this particular morning the shop has an especially sweet aroma.  Owner Janet Wittich says she made a batch of honey nougat caramel creams the night before. Those […]

Read the Full Issue: Winter/Spring 2015

Read the Full Issue: Winter/Spring 2015

Skatopia: A skater’s paradise

Skatopia: A skater’s paradise

Brewce Martin has skating in his blood. He has always wanted to own a skate park, and in 1995, he finally got his wish. Brewce and his son, Brandon, who was 10 years old at the time, were evicted from their West Virginia home for […]

Mystery Loves Company: The Zanesville Community Theatre

Mystery Loves Company: The Zanesville Community Theatre

The stage is empty and guests have yet to fill their seats. The front house of the Zanesville Community Theatre is quiet, but the back dressing room is bustling with commotion and laughter. The actors are getting ready for their fourth performance of Agatha Christie’s […]

Haunted Hocking Investigation Team explores the supernatural

Haunted Hocking Investigation Team explores the supernatural

The cover of the second in a series of seven books about the paranormal in Ohio features a photo of a young girl holding a candle and gazing ominously at the camera.

The image conjures up a creepy Poltergeist feeling. But the young girl isn’t an actress or a ghost—she is the daughter of the book’s co-authors, Patrick and Jannette Quackenbush, who run the Haunted Hocking Investigation Team.

Perhaps you could call Patrick and Jannette Quackenbush’s work a quest from love. They married 30 years ago, and for last 16 years the ghost-hunting couple has toured the area to uncover stories about locations with reportedly strange occurrences.

The team’s craft

Drawing from the background they received in history and nature as students at Hocking College, the Quackenbushes launch paranormal investigations throughout the year based both on submissions from community members and the couple’s curiosity. Each story they investigate is met with intense scrutiny. “You have to convince me that your story is real,” Patrick explains of the approach he and his wife take toward submissions.

Over the years, the couple has investigated almost 600 stories, with two to three big investigations each year. The Quackenbushes take a basic approach to most investigations, using audio, video and still images.

Jannette often scours old newspapers to uncover new stories for the couple to explore. “I really, really enjoy finding the old, historical ones that nobody has,” she says. “It’s almost like a high when I get that ghost story and find that it’s real.”

The work is far from over once the couple decides which story to investigate next. They must verify the information of the story, even checking whether the ghost in question ever existed as a person. Basically, the couple needs to substantiate the stories. Once Patrick and Jannette verify background information, they head to locations to conduct a scientific investigation, using their tools to search for definite proof.


The Quackenbushes frequent events in Southeast Ohio, partner with organizations and even help at fundraisers. The team also routinely takes groups out on tours of locations they have investigated and shares information about the area, the folklore and how to use ghost-hunting gear like the pros.

“One of the things we pride ourselves in at Haunted Hocking is that we make it accessible to you. Our goal is that we love to see other people having a good time with it,” Patrick says. “Anybody can do this. It’s a really cool, fun and fascinating pastime. It’s definitely something we love to share with other people.”

Each ghost hunt is different for the team, and the results vary. Sometimes, investigations have interesting results, but other times nothing pans out. But the team won’t lie—even if attendees want evidence of the paranormal.

“I think a lot of times, people want to see things in images that they send us. You want to see things in images—orbs or other things, but you don’t,” Jannette says. “They may just be bugs or dust in pictures. A lot of times you need an EMF [electromagnetic field] meter or a camera there, a digital voice recorder so that if they see an orb or something like that, they also have other things to back it up.”

Patrick, who by day is a naturalist for Ohio State Parks in the Southeast District, will be the first to tell someone that the shadowy figure they’re seeing is just a deer. He also might treat the group to a little added fun by performing owl calls.

“We will not make it up. We will not fake it. There’s been many public ghost hunts [where] we’ve walked away without a thing,” he says. “But we’ve also had some really cool things happen at the public ghost hunts. We just never know what’s going to happen when we get out there.”


Science and history collide

There will always be skeptics when it comes to the paranormal, which the Quackenbushes accept. Patrick considers himself to be the biggest skeptic when it comes to each individually submitted story. That’s why the team bases all of its investigations on science and history. The team checks the facts before an investigation is even launched, and once it is, scientific proof is needed.

“It’s not set science—it’s new science,” Patrick says. “We’re using old science and old techniques in an attempt to develop new scientific attempts for this.”

The most commonly accepted principle in the science of ghost hunting is that ghosts are energy. That energy can manifest itself in a number of ways, whether through magnetic field manipulation, audio or video. The Quackenbushes have had experiences with each form.

“When we started doing this early on, people would say, ‘Wow, do you believe in ghosts?’” Patrick says. “I’m a true believer now. Way too many things have happened, way too many photographs to discount it anymore.”

By using a trove of gear, the Quackenbushes are able to detect any number of those manifestations. The team has an arsenal of methods for finding fields of energy, including EMF detectors and cameras that detect energy in spectrums beyond what the human eye can see. The team also carries a crystal on a string to confirm activity they’ve already found and brings it with them on public ghost hunts to teach people about the historical method, which has been used for centuries and is one of the oldest ways to detect energy fields, Patrick explains. When the crystal is held over an energy source, it gyrates.

“You can’t rely on any one [method]; you have to use a combination,” Patrick says. “I work on the old Sherlock Theory. His old saying is that ‘when you have eliminated all the possibilities, whatever’s left, however improbable, must be the truth.’ That’s what we’re trying to do.”

Finding that truth isn’t always easy, though. Patrick notes that for every thousand pictures the team takes on an investigation, only one might have an interesting outcome.

The investigation begins long before the Quackenbushes load up their SUV with equipment. The couple spends plenty of time researching each area to gather the historical background of the site.

Southeast Ohio is an ideal backdrop for the investigation team. The rich history of the region contributes to the paranormal instances. Patrick explains that the days when iron and coal towns made the region the wealthiest in the state have provided many stories. “You’ve got all of these little iron and coal towns that are pretty much gone now, but they’ve left a mark behind of something,” he says. “If you do a little research, you find the everyday lives, the accidents, the murders, the suicides. A lot of those strong emotions add to that.”

When many think of the paranormal in Southeast Ohio, he notes, they naturally assume the former Athens Lunatic Asylum holds much of the region’s hauntings. He explains that while the old asylum has plenty of history, the haunted aspects of the buildings are not as strong as many believe.

Places like the Hope Iron Furnace and the Moonville Tunnel provide even more haunted experiences.


The ghosts of Moonville Tunnel

The graffiti-littered walls of the Moonville Tunnel offer more history than words and drawings in vibrant hues would lead one to believe. But the tunnel is said to have more guests than those wielding cans of spray paint.

Patrick spent a crisp October evening showing the tunnel to Ohio University students in a learning community and teaching them the ghost stories of the area— with a little science and history mixed in. “My goal is to add no new ghost stories tonight,” Patrick warned before setting out on the ghost tour.

Prior to leading the students down a trail that leads to the tunnel, he explained the function of each piece of gear and passed equipment around to tentative participants. Calling volunteers forward, he showed how the bent pieces of metal he turned into dousing rods could reveal a possible spirit in the area.

When level and about ten inches apart above a person’s head, the two rods will cross each other. “You are a massive magnetic field,” Patrick told the students.

Bands of light from lanterns bobbed up and down on the 10-minute trek through the wooded area along a creek, making the path just barely visible to the students. Throughout the walk, the electromagnetic field (EMF) detectors lit up, dousing rods crisscrossed and the crystals drew careful circles, even when students held their hands completely still.

The phenomenon prompted Maddie Weir, a freshman in the learning community, to shriek and many other students to fidget uncomfortably. Patrick explained the story of how, in 1972, a woman drowned in the creek after falling from the train tracks that once ran over it.

The ghost stories were only the beginning of local lore. When the group reached the tunnel, Patrick had plenty to share, from the story of a young brakeman who was fatally injured in the tunnel to the tale of Baldie Keeton’s murder. Though no one fell victim to small rocks and pebbles falling from overhead on the trip, Patrick explains that he believes Keeton to be the source of the oft-cited falling rocks. Keeton was found dead on the tracks one morning in the late 1880s. Police believe Keeton’s death was a murder, but the culprit was never identified.

With many deaths cited at the tunnel, many of the students eagerly took their tools throughout the dark in hopes of a response. At the end, the EMF detectors repeatedly went off while an ovulus, a specific tool for ghost hunting that spirits can use to communicate with people, spewed garbled words. A circle of students huddled around one another, watching with wide eyes as the machines signaled alarm.

Though none of the words at the end of the tunnel were coherent, Patrick said that when he was setting up other gear at the front of the tunnel, he clearly heard the words “spirit” and “help” from the ovulus. He also reminded students to check the investigation team’s website later on to see if any of the recorders picked up anything.

All possible supernatural experiences aside, Haunted Hocking sought to teach students one important lesson: how to be responsible ghost hunters. Patrick explained that gaining respect is a surefire way to gain access to places most people can’t. He also warned students to receive prior permission before exploring any haunted sites. “We want to teach you how to be a ghost hunter,” Patrick said. “But we want to teach you how to be a good ghost hunter.”

For more information about the Haunted Hocking Investigation Team, visit their website at, where the team lists their findings from investigations covering the entire state of Ohio.

by Kaitlyn Hendershot

Where Doves Fly

Where Doves Fly

People have been squabbling about dove hunting in Ohio for more than 50 years. But since the controversial practice was approved by voters in 1998, it has been increasing in popularity—especially in rural areas. As early as 1963, the Ohio Legislature tried to reclassify the […]

One woman show

One woman show

Barbara Summers is no stranger to putting on productions. As a retired stage manager for Broadway and off‐Broadway shows, it’s no wonder she performs with precision and passion in her current role as executive director for the Southern Hills Arts Council in Jackson. This past […]

Licking’s Favorite Flavor

Licking’s Favorite Flavor

In 1914, Joseph Dager started making ice cream in the basement of a confectionary in Utica with the hope of finding “the American dream.” He started with only three flavors: chocolate, strawberry, and, of course, vanilla.

A Century Long Practice

Dager emigrated from Lebanon in 1903 when he was 15 years old. After arriving in America, he worked at Ritchey’s Confectionary and spoke no English. Customers liked his hand-cranked vanilla ice cream so much that he decided to share it with all of Licking County. Dager distributed his ice cream using a truck with the name “Velvet Ice Cream” on it. The truck featured what was then a modern, new coolerator that kept the ice cream refrigerated.

The second generation of Dagers continued what Joseph started. In the 1930s, his son Charles worked with other independent businesses to change city ordinances. This allowed Velvet and other companies to supply their product to cities like Columbus and other central Ohio markets. In 1937, Charles opened Velvet’s first distribution center in Bucyrus. In the 1950s, Charles’ sons, Joe and Mike, begin assisting in production and other parts of the business as children.

In 1960, Charles’ brother Edward moved Velvet’s manufacturing facility to Ye Olde Mill just a mile away from the original location. The original purpose of the mill, back in 1817, was a lumber mill. Velvet’s current president Luconda Dager says the mill, which is seen on Velvet’s ice cream containers, is a symbol of Velvet’s old fashioned quality. In 1965, Ye Olde Mill was renovated to become an ice cream destination, and in 1970 it was opened to the public.

In 1986, a fire destroyed the hard work that the Dagers put into the mill. The Dager family quickly rebuilt the local landmark and even used some of the original foundation. Today, the factory side of Velvet represents new innovations toward ice cream production, but the mill represents the same great taste and experiences the Dager family has offered for 100 years.


Today, in the fourth generation, the younger Joseph’s daughters, Luconda, Joanne, and Andre, are now on the executive board of Velvet Ice Cream. “In our gut, we knew that we would come back but we were never pressured to come back,” Joanne Dager, vice president of food service, says. Dager says that she, along with her siblings, were encouraged to go to college and start a career in something outside of the family business.

Their father Joseph had an unwritten rule that the kids had to spend five years working somewhere else before they could work at Velvet. “It’s in our blood,” vice president of guest relations Andre Dager says. “Dad never thought that we would come back to the business.” Joanne says the same guidelines are in effect for the fifth generation of Dagers, although that has not stopped their enthusiasm. “They see the truck driving down the road and say ‘I’m gonna work there some day,” Joanne says.

Staying Above the Competition

Eager to teach others about the process, Velvet Ice Cream is unique because it offers guests a free tour of the factory and grounds. Velvet sees more than 150,000 visitors every year and remains open spring, summer and fall. While other “ice cream destinations” such as Ben & Jerry’s and Turkey Hill charge guests for tours, Velvet does not. Marketing manager Nathan Arnold says that Velvet wants to share information to educate people about ice cream. “We call ourselves Ohio’s ice cream capital,” Arnold says. “Once people come here and experience Velvet Ice Cream, the tour, then they are more likely to buy it at the grocery store because they have a personal connection to it.”

Velvet has expanded far beyond a small parlor on Ohio State Route 13 now. In late March, Velvet added 500 new accounts and has extended to Kentucky markets including Louisville and Lexington. “That really couldn’t have come at a better time for us,” Luconda says. Velvet wants to keep expanding to other stores and food-service clients including colleges. In late October, CHAMPS Group Purchasing renewed its agreement with Velvet. Through CHAMPS, Velvet will expand to counties in Indiana, West Virginia, Pennsylvania and Kentucky.


New Additions

Each year, Velvet produces more than five million gallons of ice cream, with over 50 flavors available. The new generation of Dagers has added gluten-free flavors and a new “Velvet Churned” line. The Velvet Churned has less fat and calories but the same taste and texture as the Premium flavors. They have also added seasonal flavors such as Peppermint Stick, Peach Cobbler, and Pumpkin Pie. While nothing beats Olde Tyme Vanilla, Buckeye Classic is still a favorite for the Buckeye state.

Velvet supplies the Ohio State Fair, and instead of just choosing what flavors would be featured, Velvet held a contest on Facebook for ice cream lovers to create their own flavor. The winning flavor was Blueberry and Sweet Corn created by a woman in Columbus. As unusual as the flavor sounds, Velvet’s process for creating it was quite simple. “We softened some vanilla ice cream, we opened a can of corn, put in some blueberries, mixed it all together, and let it refreeze,” Arnold says. He says the contest approach to creating new flavors is a good way to generate consumer excitement. Some of the fan flavors are still in their lineup.

A Local Treat

Every year Velvet, in partnership with the Utica Sertoma Club, hosts the Utica Sertoma Ice Cream Festival. The festival takes place memorial weekend and starts with the 1.5 mile long ice cream parade through the town. There is also a Little Miss Ice Cream pageant, and of course an ice cream eating contest. Velvet offers festival goers dozens of flavors to sample from. The festival has become a tradition for both locals and travelers. Not only is the festival a weekend of fun, but it also supports Sertoma’s mission of supporting people with language, hearing and speech disorders. The Utica Sertoma Club chose an ice cream theme back in 1974 to emphasize the city’s title of “Ohio’s ice cream capital.”

While tradition is something that Velvet prides itself in, it is no longer using Great-Grandpa Joe’s hand-cranking method. Today, Velvet uses a unique freezing tunnel that gets the ice cream down to -120 degrees and freezes the core of the ice cream in less than four hours. Although it takes a lot of hard work to produce that much ice cream, plant manager Ken Harold says all of the employees are like a big family. “It’s a lot of work, but it’s a lot of fun too,” he says. Harold says the best part of his job is developing new flavors. “The end result always puts a smile on people’s faces, he says.”

While people buy Velvet Ice Cream for its delicious flavors, forging a personal commitment to a great product is how Velvet keeps customers coming back.

by Arielle J. Patterson

Gallipolis in Bloom

Gallipolis in Bloom

Karen Smith and Lori Kelly were looking to come up with a unique way to set Gallipolis apart from its surrounding cities. Smith and Kelly came up with an organization called Gallipolis in Bloom. In 2005, Gallipolis began promoting its new organization.  Residents of Gallipolis […]